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National Museum of Archeology

National Museum of Archeology

It is located in the city of Benguela and has a collection of about 9,150 pieces. The building where it works is a work from the 17th / 18th century, where slaves were temporarily stored, until they were exported to America in slave ships. It occupies a perimeter of 8,000 m2 and was built of limestone blocks, has gates and railings of solid iron.

After the end of the slave trade, the building belonged to Angola's Customs. In 1976, the National Archeology Museum of Benguela was created in this building, to initially preserve the existing archaeological objects. Shortly thereafter, a archaeological research team that under the direction of its founder, the conservative archaeologist Luís Pais Pinto, started investigations across National territory.

In twenty-eight years of work, the museum has discovered about 50 archaeological stations in addition to the 16 previously known. Since then, the fundamental activity of the museum has been research archaeological sites in addition to serving the public.


The museum is an institution of a scientific nature, of research, of training of staff, conservation and archaeological information. The Museum through its permanent and temporary exhibitions, as well as itinerant ones, it makes known the result of their work of search.

Collection It has 50 archaeological sites discovered after independence and 16 before independence, 49 of these stations are located in the region of Benguela and were discovered by the MNAB research brigade, since 1976.

The last one is located in Luanda.

The collection

It consists of 9,147 inventoried pieces namely: pebbles, chopprs, chopping - tools, bifaces, spikes, scrapers, hatchets, splinters, blades, carving, cores, levallois, precuators, millstones, bones fossilized and non-fossilized, ceramics, beads made of oyster shell, macuta coins, etc. The material ranges from palliative to the mid-modern age.

Auxiliary services

The Museum, in addition to the exhibition room, has an administrative area, 3 (underutilized) wings in the interior, two lavatory and storage areas, one landscaped area (garden), a laboratory and a library. Cultural Education and Animation MNAB is fundamentally educational and instructive.

Within its activities, it has sought to disseminate the results of archaeological research in diverse ways such as: lectures, meetings and itinerary exhibitions in schools of various levels, as well as in other public institutions and also through the media.

The education and instruction of young people has been the central focus of their activities where you try to convey the importance of the activity archaeological, especially with regard to the material sources studied archeology, as an indispensable source for obtaining information about the past of the most distant civilizations in the territory that today is Angola.

There have been many visitors to the MNAB, among nationals and foreigners, individually and collectively.

Most visitors to MNAB are students seek to develop and deepen their knowledge through exhibitions open to the public and consultation of the bibliography available at library.


After archaeological research, the assembly of exhibitions is the MNAB's predominant function is the responsibility of the education and cultural animation.

The exhibitions are usually temporary (from 4 to 6 months) and the themes about these have been hallucinating and are generally the product of the result of archaeological research or aspects related to values cultures of different ethnicities in Angola.

The museum seeks to develop the young people intellectual capacities that allow them to value the vast heritage historical - Cultural of Angola.

The exhibition setup was limited to the small space of the atrium main museum, as there are currently no other spaces available but that in the future will be a reality.